Sangguniang Bayan: Gender Development Code

by: SB Cheryl Lumbang

Section 3: DEFINITION OF TERMS. The following terms or phrase as used in this Code shall mean as:

a.    LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNIT refers to the local government of the Municipality of Arayat, Pampanga.
b.    GENDER is socially learned behavior and expectations associated with two sexes. Thus, whereas the maleness or femaleness is biological facts, masculinity and  feminity are culturally construed attributes. It also refers to the socially differentiated roles and characteristics attributed by a given culture to women and men.
c.    GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT (GAD) is the development perspective which encourages the equal participation or contribution of women and men in all aspect/sectors of development.
d.    SENIOR CITIZENS are persons above 60 years old as differentiated from minors or children.
e.    MINORS OR CHILDREN are person below 18 years of age who are unable to fully take care of themselves from abuse, neglect, cruelty, exploitation or discrimination.
f.    DIFFERENTLY ABLE PERSONS as survivors of physical impairments that have differentiated needs and potentials.
g.    INDIGENOUS PEOPLE are persons who are referred to as aborigines of Panay called “ATE” who are black, nomadic and culturally, socially backward in their ways.
h.    MAINSTREAMING is an integration or inclusion into all forms of endeavors. Programs, project men and women concern and needs.
i.    VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN as defined by R.A. 9262, it refers to any gender-based violence which may result in physical, sexual, psychological suffering or economic abuse. This consists of:

1.    PHYSICAL VIOLENCE are acts that include bodily or physical harm.
2.    SEXUAL VIOLENCE are acts committed against a women or her child. This includes.
(2.1) RAPE, SEXUAL HARASSMENT, ACTS OF LASCIVIOUNESS is treating a woman or her child as a sex object. Making demeaning and sexually suggestive remarks, physical attacking the sexual parts of the victims body forcing her or him to watch obscene publication and indecent movies forcing the wife to live in a conjugal home or sleep together in the room with the abuser.
(2.2) PSYCHOLOGICAL VIOLENCE is an act or omission causing likely to cause mental or emotional suffering of the victim such as intimidation harassment, stalking, damage to property, public ridicule or humiliation repeated verbal abuse and marital infidelity.
(2.3) ECONOMIC ABUSE is an act that attempt to make a financially as withdrawal of financial support or a preventing the victim from engaging in any legitimate profession, occupation or activity. Deprivation or or threat of deprivation of financial resources and the rights to use and enjoyment of the community or property owned in common and destroying household property.
j.    BATTERY is inflecting physical harm upon the women or a child resulting in physical, psychological and emotional distress.
k.    STALKING is an intentional act committed by a person who knowingly and without lawful jurisdiction follows the women of her child under surveillance directly or indirectly.
l.    PORNOGRAPHY is written, graphic or other forms of communication intended to excite lascivious feelings.
m.    PROSTITUTION is a scale, purchase and exchange of women and minor for sexual exploitation for cash profit or other economic considerations by an individual.
n.    REPRODUCTION HEALTH as defined in the International Conference on Population and Development and World Health Organization (WHO) are affirmed in Beijing Conference, is a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence and infirmity, in all matters relating to the reproductive system and to its functions and process. It includes ten (10) elements which are:

1.    Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition
2.    Family Planning
3.    Prevention and Treatment of Reproductive tract Infection (RTI) including STD, HIV and AIDS
4.    Prevention and Management of Abortion Compliance
5.    Education and Counseling on Sexuality and Sexual health
6.    Breast and Reproductive Tract Cancer and other Gynecological Conditions
7.    Prevention and Treatment of Infertility Sexual Disorder
8.    Men’s Reproductive Health
9.    Violence Against Women
10.    Women Reproductive Health

o.    WORST FORMS OF CHILD LABOR as in the Municipality of Arayat two forms of worst child which exist are:

1.    DOMESTIC WORK employment of children below 18 years of age domestic helpers commonly termed as “atsay” or “scholars”

2.    CONSTRUCTION HELPER employment of children below 18 years old carrying heavy  loads of cement, sand and gravel, lumber, steel bars, etc.


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